Shaheed Allama Hassan Turabi was a prominent leader of Pakistani Shia Community. Allama Hassan Turbai was martyred by the Nasabi suicide bomber on 14th July 2006. At the time of his martyrdom, Allama Hassan Turabi was the provisional president of Islami Tehrik Pakistan and provisional leader of a Mutahida Majlis-e-Amal, a component of six religio-political parties alliance.
He was born in 1940 at Shigar district of Baltistan area of Western Ladakh. After completing his secondary education he got admission in a madressa at Skardu, he then migrated to Karachi and got his masters degree from University of Karachi. He also completed his religious education from local seminary Jamia Imamia of Karachi. He became the Khateeb of a shia Jamia Mosque at Mehmoodabad in Karachi in 1984.
He joined Tehrik-e-Nifaz-e-Fiqh-e-Jafaria in mid 80's and in almost 1989 he becomes the divisional president of organization. Due to his immense interest in national politics he becomes the provincial General Secretary of Tehreek-e-Jafaria.
The organization changed its name to Tehrik-e-Jafaria Pakistan. In 1999 this organization was banned by the Musharraf Government, so scholars of the organization formed another platform named Tehrik-e-Islamiand after that, the current organization Shia Ulema Council. Turabi also held a strong position in Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal, the united front of six Islamic parties of Pakistan.
His Struggle for Muslim Unity
He always made efforts for uniting Muslims of different schools of thought. He was the diehard supporter of Shia-Sunni Unity according to the philosophy of Imam Khomeini.
Soldier of Wilayat-e-Faqeeh
Main article: Guardianship of the jurists
He became the preacher and follower of "Guardianship of the Islamic Jurists" ولاية الفقيه Wilayat al-Faqih school of thought and tried to work to preach the thoughts of Imam Khomeini and Ayatullah Syed Ali Khamenei.
Shaheed Allama Hassan Turabi was attacked in Karachi several times by what he believed to be the agents of the United States, whom he blamed along with Israel for inciting sectarian violence.
The last unsuccessful attempt was made on 6 April 2006 near his residence at Abbas Town in which he escaped. This attack was accomplished by blasting a remotely controlled bomb hidden under a fruit cart as he climbed into his car outside his home. Two bodyguards and a passerby were hurt in that incident, and the car was severely damaged.
The final attempt made on 14 July 2006 succeeded. At a rally that was organized by Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal to protest Israel's role in the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict. When he came out from his vehicle and entering to his house at Abbas Town, a suicide bomber Abdul Karim came near to his vehicle and blasted himself
Israeli Agent Nasabi Suicider Karim was wearing a 2.5 kg explosive (some sources say 1 kg) loaded jacket blew himself up when he approached Allama Turabi at his house's main gate. Shaheed Turabi's ten-year old nephew Ali Imran and one guard also martyred, and three policemen were wounded in the attack at Abul Hassan Isphahani Road at Gulshan-e-Iqbal Town.