of Sayed-osh Shohadaa (Chief of Martyrs) and the dear Grandson of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) Al-Imam Abi Abdellah Al- Hussein (A.S.), Amir-ol Mo’minin Al- Imam Ali ibne Abi Talib (A.S.) in Iraq, Sayedah Zeinab binte Ali (S.A.) in Syria and Sayed Al-Badwi in Egypt. These evil clerics include Abdor- Rahman Al-Baraak, Sheikh Mamdoh Al-Harabi, Dr Nasser Al-Omer, Ibne Jabrin, Dr Safar Al-Hawali as well as a Kuwaiti cleric Hamid Al-Ali.
Kazmain, Najaf, Samarra, Karbala Atrocities:
The Al-Kadhimiya Mosque is a shrine located in the Kadhimayn suburb of Baghdad, Iraq. It contains the tombs of our seventh Imam Musa al-Kadhim A.S. and the ninth Imam Muhammad al-Taqi al-Jawad A.S.Also buried within this mosque are the famous historical scholars, Shaykh Mufid and Shaykh Nasir ad-Din Tusi.Directly adjacent to the mosque are two smaller shrines, belonging to the brothers who compiled Nahjul Balagha - Shaykh Radhi and Shaykh Murtadha.
• March 2, 2004 At least 75 people were killed and hundreds others were wounded as crowds had gathered to commemorate Ashura. Concurrent explosions also occurred at the Imam Husayn A.S. Mosque in Karbala.
• August 31, 2005 This mosque was the destination of the crowd that was caught up in the Baghdad bridge stampede.
• June 6, 2007 At least 7 people were killed after twin car bombings occurred near the mosque.
• June 27, 2007 A car bomb killed at least 14 people and injured 22 others.
• March 25, 2008 The freshly gilded dome over the grave of Muhammad al-Taqi A.S.was unveiled to the public, as crowds had gathered in celebration for the birthday of Hazrath Muhammad Mustafa SAWW as well as his descendant, Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq A.S.
• December 27, 2008 A car bomb killed at least 24 people and wounded 46 others, many of them Shiite pilgrims. The explosion occurred about 100 yards from Bab al-Dirwaza, one of the main gates to the shrine.
• January 4, 2009 A male suicide bomber dressed as a woman, killed 38 and injured 72 Shia pilgrims as they were preparing for Ashura.
• April 8, 2009 7 people were killed and 23 others were wounded after a bomb that was left in a plastic bag near the mosque detonated.
• April 24, 2009 Two female suicide bombers killed at least 66 people and wounded 125 others as people were heading towards the mosque for Friday prayers.
Amir-ol Mo’minin Al- Imam Ali ibne Abi Talib A.S. Holy Shrine, also known as Masjid Ali or the Mosque of Ali, is a mosque located in Najaf, Iraq. Our sixth imam, Imam Ja‘far as-Sadiq A.S., says that we have five definitive holy places that we respect very much. The first is Makkah, which belongs to God. The second is Madinah, which belongs to the Holy Prophet Hazrath Muhammad Mustafa SAWW, the messenger of God. The third belongs to our first Imam of Shia, Amir-ol Mo’minin Al- Imam Ali ibne Abi Talib A.S., which is in Najaf. The fourth belongs to our third Imam, Imam Husayn A.S., in Karbala. The last one belongs to the daughter of our seventh Imam and sister of our eighth Imam, who is called Fatimah, and will be buried in Qom. Pilgrims and those who visit her holy shrine, I promise to these men and women that God will open all the doors of Heaven to them. The shrine was first built by the Iranian ruler the Daylamite Fannakhosraw Azod ad Dowleh in 977 over the tomb of Amir-ol Mo’minin Imam Ali A.S.. After being destroyed by fire, it was rebuilt by the Seljuk Malik Shah I in 1086, and rebuilt yet again by the Safavid Shah Ismail I shortly after 1500.During the uprising of March 1991, following the Persian Gulf War, Saddam Hussein's Republican Guards damaged the shrine, where members of our Shia opposition were cornered, in storming the shrine and massacring virtually all its occupants. Afterwards the shrine was closed for two years, officially for repairs. Saddam also deported to Iran a large number of the residents of the area who were of Iranian descent.
Events in 2003-2006
Since the invasion of Iraq by the U.S. military in 2003, there have been a number of further attacks at the mosque:
• April 10, 2003, Shia leader Sayed Abdul Majid al-Khoei, the son of Grand Ayatollah Abu al Qasim al-Khoei, was killed near the mosque. Al-Khoei had returned from exile in Britain to encourage cooperation with the U.S.-led occupation of Iraq.
• August 29, 2003, a car bomb exploded outside the mosque just as the main Friday prayers were ending. Somewhere between 85 to 125 people were killed, including the influential Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, our Shia leader of the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq. The blast is thought to be the work of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi.
• May 24, 2004, unidentified mortar fire, hit the shrine, damaging gates which lead to the tomb of Imam Ali.
• August 5, 2004, Muqtada al-Sadr and the Mahdi Army seized the mosque and used it as a military base for launching attacks against the Iraqi police, the provincial government and coalition forces. The fighting was eventually ended by a peace agreement. Although the neighboring buildings suffered considerable damage, the mosque itself suffered only superficial damage from stray bullets and shrapnel.
• August 10, 2006 a suicide bomber wearing an explosive harness blew himself up near the shrine, which killed 40 people and injured more than 50 others.
Al ‘Askari Mosque or the ‘Askariyya Mosque/Shrine located in the Iraqi city of Samarra 125 km (78 mi) from Baghdad. The remains of the 10th and 11th Imams, IMAM Ali Naqi A.S. and his son IMAM Hasan Askari A.S., known as: al-‘Askariyyain ("the two ‘Askaris"), rest at the shrine. Also buried within the Mosque are: Hakimah Khatun, sister of ‘Imam Ali Naqi A.S. and Narjis Khatun, the mother of 12th Imam Mu?ammad al-Mahdi A.S.. Adjacent to this shrine is another mosque, built over the location where the 12th Imam, Mu?ammad al-Mahdi A.S. first entered the Minor Occultation.The ‘Askariyya Shrine is also known as the "Tomb or Mausoleum of the Two Imams", "the Tomb of Imams ‘Ali al-Hadi and Hasan al-‘Askari" and "al-Hadhratu l-‘Askariyya".
• 2006 Attack: On February 22, 2006, at 6:55 a.m. local time explosions occurred at the mosque, effectively destroying its golden dome and severely damaging the mosque. Several men belonging to Iraqi Sunni insurgent groups affiliated with Al-Qaida, one wearing a military uniform, had earlier entered the mosque, tied up the guards there and set explosives, resulting in the blast. Two bombs were set off by five to seven men dressed as personnel of the Iraqi Special forces who entered the shrine during the morning.
• 2007 Attack: At around 8 a.m. on 13 June 2007, operatives belonging to al-Qaeda destroyed the two remaining 36 m (118 ft)-high golden minarets flanking the dome's ruins. No fatalities were reported. Iraqi police have reported hearing "two nearly simultaneous explosions coming from inside the mosque compound at around 8 a.m." A report from state run Iraqiya Television stated that "local officials said that two mortar rounds were fired at the two minarets." The remaining clock tower was also destroyed in July 2007
• 2009 update: As of April 2009, the golden dome and the minarets have been restored and the shrine reopened to visitors.
Karbala is a city in Iraq, located about 100 km (60 mi) southwest of Baghdad at 32.61°N, 44.08°E. In the time of Imam Husayn ibn Ali A.S.’s life, the place was also known as al-Ghadiriyah, Naynawa, and Shathi'ul-Furaat. At the centre of the old city is the Masjid al-Husayn A.S., the tomb of Imam Husayn ibn ‘Ali A.S., grandson of the Prophet Muhammad (SAWW) by his daughter Bibi Fatima tuz-Zahra (S.A.) and ‘Imam Ali ibn Abu Talib (A.S.). The Al-‘Abbas Mosque or Masjid al-‘Abbas A.S., the tomb of‘Hazrath Abbas ibn ‘Ali A.S. is located across the Imam Husayn A.S. Mosque. The distance between the shrines of ‘Hazrath Abbas A.S. and Imam Husayn A.S. are the same as the distance between the hills of Al-Safa and Al-Marwah.
• In 1801, Wahhabis attacked Karbala, damaged the shrines, and robbed all precious decorative items.
• In 1817, Fat'h ‘Ali Shah Qajar: For Imam Hussain A.S.’s shrine reconstructed the screens by plating with silver. He also replated the dome with gold and therefore repaired the damage caused by the Wahhabis. And for Hazrath Abbas A.S.’s Shrine reconstructed the dome of the shrine, gifted new chandeliers and lustrous pieces of decoration to the holy shrines, and had other constructions carried out.
• In 1991 March, damage to the shrines occurs as the city experiences a violent uprising against the regime of Saddam Hussein following the Persian Gulf War.
• In 1994, repairs to the shrines from the damage done in 1991 are finally completed.
• In 2004 March 2: At least 6 explosions occurred during the ‘Ashura' commemorations, killing 85 people and wounding 230.
• In 2004 December 15: A bomb detonated near the gate of the Imam Hussain A.S.’s shrine, killing at least 7 people and injuring 31 others.
• In 2006 January 5: Suicide bombers among the crowd between the two shrines, killed at least 60 people and injured more than 100.
• In 2007 April 14: A suicide attack 200m from the Imam Hussain A.S. shrine killed at least 36 people and injured more than 160 others.
• April 28: A suicide car bomber in front of Hazrath Abbas A.S. Shrine killed at least 58 people and wounded 170 others as people were heading towards evening prayers.
• In 2008 March 17: A female suicide bomber detonated herself in the market near the shrine, killing at least 42 people and injured 58 others.
• In 2008 September 11: A bomb was detonated 500m from the Hazrath Abbas A.S.’s shrine which killed one civilian, wounded 12 others, and damaged buildings in the area.